Components of a Meaningful Phonics Lesson

Phonics teaches the relationship between letters of the written language and sounds of the spoken language.  Phonics instruction is vital in teaching students how to read according to the research.  Most basal programs now include some sort of systematic, explicit phonics instruction.  Those obviously vary on the type of quality of instruction that is provided.  In this post, I want to break down important components of a quality phonics lesson. This is a format you can follow and ensure that your basal hits these points.  You, of course, want to follow the scope and sequence of your district or from the phonics program they provide.  You also want to make sure you are explicitly following the spelling pattern rules.  

Phonemic Awareness Warm-Up

Begin each lesson with a quick phonemic awareness warm-up, activating their phonological processor.  I love using the Heggerty Phonemic Awareness Lessons book.  It is by far THE BEST out there.  It's quick and explicit.  There are also lots of additional resources on their website, including hand motion videos and flash cards.

Introduction

Begin the lesson stating the learning goal, as well as showing the success criteria for the day.  This allows students to know exactly what is expected for them to learn by the end of the lesson and unit.  I like to provide a visual on the success criteria lesson slide, especially for the younger grades.

Phonics lessons for first grade and second grade!  Read more about what a good phonics lesson should contain and why.

Phonics lessons for first grade and second grade!  Read more about what a good phonics lesson should contain and why.

Follow your curriculum guide for explicit, systematic instruction techniques for teaching the spelling pattern.  Visuals should be included, and adding hand motions always helps.  We would assign a hand motion for each spelling pattern, and it made such a difference!  You could add a review of the previously taught hand motions to your warm-up, as well.

I also liked to incorporate an anchor chart into this part of the lesson.  We would create this together and hang it for reference in the classroom.

Phonics lessons for first grade and second grade!  Read more about what a good phonics lesson should contain and why.

Decoding and Blending Practice

You want to give your students ample practice decoding the spelling patterns.  We practice this together as a whole group at first.  I then let them practice with their shoulder partner.  If you have decodable readers, this is a great time to incorporate one of those or a portion of one.  I also used them in small groups at my teacher table to practice decoding words within text.  If your curriculum does not come with decodable text, TPT has lots of great passages that incorporate the different spelling patterns.

Phonics lessons for first grade and second grade!  Read more about what a good phonics lesson should contain and why.


Phonics lessons for first grade and second grade!  Read more about what a good phonics lesson should contain and why.

Dictation

After decoding text, it's time to apply that knowledge to encoding text.  You can incorporate dictation in a variety of ways.  

Students can build words with letter magnets or tiles.  I also have a digital form if you want them to practice on the computer at a center.

Phonics lessons for first grade and second grade!  Read more about what a good phonics lesson should contain and why.

Have them use these printable letter tiles to build the words.  They can also practice blending once the word is built.

Phonics lessons for first grade and second grade!  Read more about what a good phonics lesson should contain and why.

These grapheme phoneme mapping mats are great for word and sentence dictation.  I like to use these in whole and small group practice.  You can grab it for FREE here.

Phonics lessons for first grade and second grade!  Read more about what a good phonics lesson should contain and why.

Phonics lessons for first grade and second grade!  Read more about what a good phonics lesson should contain and why.

You can also give them a picture and have them encode the corresponding word.  This practice is from my digital lessons, but there is also a printable version that you can give students.  These are great to use for assessment and driving your instruction for small groups.  I assign a different activity each day for independent practice.

Phonics lessons for first grade and second grade!  Read more about what a good phonics lesson should contain and why.

Exit Ticket and Closing the Lesson

You always want to close your lesson, reviewing your lesson objective and giving a quick exit ticket for assessment.  This might be on a post-it note, on the back of their independent practice, on their whiteboard, or just a quick partner discussion.

Phonics lessons for first grade and second grade!  Read more about what a good phonics lesson should contain and why.

Phonics lessons for first grade and second grade!  Read more about what a good phonics lesson should contain and why.


Phonics lessons for first grade and second grade!  Read more about what a good phonics lesson should contain and why.

You can read more about how I assess these spelling patterns each week HERE.  I have also put together a post where I go into detail about my favorite resources and tools for teaching phonics HERE.  

The slides you see above are from my Digital Phonics Lessons Slides; I have them for most spelling patterns.  They are great for incorporating your current phonics curriculum and guiding your lessons.  They also include printable independent practice sheets.

Thank you for reading!

Phonics lessons for first grade and second grade!  Read more about what a good phonics lesson should contain and why.







No comments

Post a Comment